Cross Cultural .munication And Its Variables Dr. Deborah Swallow -1256789

.munications .munication means interacting and so it has an important influence on our relationship with the people we are interacting with. But, were always facing questions like: Do they hear and understand what we are trying to say? Are there differences that relate to ineffective .munication, divergent goals or interests, or fundamentally different ways of seeing the world? The answers to these questions will give us some clues about the effectiveness of our .munication and the ease with which we may be able to move through conflict. It is important to understand that all .munication is cultural and it .es on the ways that we have learned to speak and give nonverbal messages. We may not always .municate in the same manner every day; factors keep changing- context, individual personality and sometimes even mood interact with a variety of cultural influences. The challenge that we most often face is mis.munication; whether .munication is clear to us or not- it is quite different in the meaning of the world, the places and the relationship with others. Cross-Cultural .munication is however outlined and demonstrated by several examples of ideas, attitudes and even behaviors involving the following variables: Time and Space Time and Space: Time is the most important factor that separates cultures and the cultural ways of doing things. While in the west, time is believed to be quantitative and is measured in units that reflect the march of progress; in the East, time feels like it has unlimited continuity, an unraveling rather than a strict boundary. Birth and death are not such absolute ends since the universe continues and humans, though changing form, continue as part of it. It is important to understand and apprehend that differences over time can play out in painful and dramatic ways in negotiation or conflict-resolution processes. Nonverbal .munication: Nonverbal .munication is another thing that is hugely important in any interaction with others; its importance is multiplied across cultures. This is because we tend to look for nonverbal cues when verbal messages are unclear or ambiguous, as they are more likely to be across cultures (especially when different languages are being used). Since nonverbal behavior arises from our cultural .mon sense — our ideas about what is appropriate, normal, and effective as .munication in relationships — we use different systems of understanding gestures, posture, silence, emotional expression, touch, physical appearance, and other nonverbal cues. Cultures also attribute different degrees of importance to verbal and nonverbal behavior. Fate and Personal Responsibility: Another important variable affecting .munication across cultures is fate and personal responsibility. This refers to the degree to which we feel ourselves the masters of our lives, versus the degree to which we see ourselves as subject to things outside our control. Another way to look at this is to ask how much we see ourselves able to change and maneuver, to choose the course of our lives and relationships. his variable is important to understanding cultural conflict. Each variable is somehow responsible in initiating and exercising .munication and is also responsible for conflicts when it is a matter of mis.munication or misinterpretation. A culturally-fluent approach would be to over.e mis.munication and apply all of these variables in order to enhance relationships across cultures. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: