Domesticating The Dog (part 1)-mmc.exe

Pets Dogs are smart creatures and so are humans. A long time ago, the human race saw the value of befriending canines, recognizing all the potential benefits to a partnership with these smart animals. Dogs are loyal to their leadership hierarchy, making them very trainable. Once the dog recognizes who the leader of the pack it, it will do almost anything to support that leader. Because of this relationship, a very diversified species of Canis Familiaris has resulted due to the selective breeding efforts of humankind. The main reason that dogs are easier to train than cats is not because of a difference of intelligence; it’s because they have that instinctual allegiance to the pack and their pack leaders. Cats are not a pack animal and so do not have a well-defined group mentality (although lions and cheetahs are an exemption to this fact.) In the earliest time, human hunter-gatherers realized that the canine pack leader could be replaced by a human. The survival of the tribe at that time depended on the success of the leaders of the hunt. Humans have never been the physical equal of our prey – we are slow, low on endurance, and have inept senses in .parison to animals. The only advantages we had were our ability to work cohesively as a team (like the dog), our intellect and our tribal loyalty. Early humans’ chief .petitors at the time included the wild dogs which hunted in well-choreographed packs. Humans were at a disadvantage, as dogs could run faster and longer than humans; they could operate masterfully as a team and pick up a scent where no scent was discernible to humans. By establishing a partnership with these dogs, early humans greatly increased their chances of a productive hunt. But which species would be the best candidate for domestication? Wolves, African hunting dogs, and dingoes all have a well-defined pack hierarchy in place, and all exhibit .plex social interaction. Because these two ingredients seem to help create greater cognitive ability, these animals were the most likely candidates for domestication. On the other hand, the fox, is a solitary nocturnal creature and has no pack order at all. Coyotes and certain types of jackals form permanent male-female pair-bonds, but they do not establish permanent pack associations. When it was decided to domesticate these dogs, it was determined that domestication required more than simply changing behavior patterns. The animal itself had to be physically changed through selective breeding to better suit our needs. For example, wild wolf females .e into season only once a year, in harmony with their prey’s season. Domestic dog females .e into heat two to three times a year; this allows for more rapid selective breeding to occur. Also, most wild dogs do not reach sexual maturity until they are two years of age, whereas domestic dogs are sexually capable at six to nine months. Also, male wolves are potent only during the breeding season, whereas male domestic dogs are always potent. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: